WP-CLI isn’t working with a given WordPress install, but you don’t know why? It might be a plugin or theme conflicting with the WP-CLI load process.
To verify, first run
wp --skip-plugins --skip-themes to execute WP-CLI without loading plugins or themes. If WP-CLI runs as expected with plugins and themes skipped, then the problem is caused by one of those plugins or the active theme.
To see if the source of the problem is the active theme, run
wp --skip-themes to see if WP-CLI loads as expected.
To see if the source of the problem is an active plugin, run
wp --skip-plugins=<plugin-slug> for each active plugin to see which plugin blocks the full execution of WP-CLI. For instance, skipping the Akismet plugin would be:
xargs to try the entire list of installed plugins:
wp plugin list --field=name | xargs -n1 -I % wp --skip-plugins=% plugin get % --field=name